Yayasan Sultan Idris Shah Perak (YSIS) offers 3 core therapeutic
services. They are (1) Physiotherapy, (2) Speech Therapy and (3) Occupational
Physiotherapy is the restoration of functions of limbs of the body to
as near normal as possible by physical means, such as heat light electricity,
massage and exercise of limbs. It is a branch of professional health
treatment that deals with the prevention and management of disorders
in human movement and many others related diseases.
In the Community Based Rehabilitation concept the physiotherapist involves
in additional roles in the assessment, counseling, educating and transferring
of knowledge about the disability and the skills of rehabilitation to
the immediate family, caregivers and the disabled person.
The physiotherapist in a disability administers to stiff joints, weak
and wastes muscles resulting in deformity, poor posture, balance and
movement. These are then restored by: -
1. Retraining lost functions and skills in movement - as in stroke,
certain infections such as Guillan Barre Syndrome, head injuries, features
2. Teaching development skills in those who have disability from birth.
The child or person with disability is taught new skills to develop
and improve the quality of their life. Rehabilitation period usually
takes a long time for these clients that includes:
joing and muscle flexibility.
body balance in different positions.
one self when using a wheelchair.
functional independence at home/ work/ social settings.
A successful treatment programme depends very much on a tram effort
of the physiotherapist, the person or child with disability and the
family members. In short, physiotherapy is the road to recovery with
the co-operation of the disabled and eventually convincing the disabled
person or child the value of the exercise programme. Play activities
with balls to stimulate hand and leg movement Some of the equipment
at the Physio Unit:
Bubble Ball Bath - Brightly coloured balls support child and facilitates
movement, gives child visual and tactile feedback and support.
Tristander - Allows prone, supine or vertical standing, single stander
to meet positioning needs.
Tadpole - Multi-use unit for early intervention programmes especially
for children from birth to 3 years of age with motor dysfunction.
Tilt Table - Prolonged or bed rest with poor standing balance can be
trained gradually to upright standing.
Restorator - Improves hip and knee joints and a perfect exercise to
strengthen the quadriceps muscle.
Lapidarti Exercise Wheel - To increase movement at the shoulder joint
to overcome stiff joints.
Therapy Balls - Promotes relaxation, weight bearing on knees and elicit
trunk equilibrium response.
Wedges and Rolls - Provides dynamic therapy and proper positioning,
coordinating training and development in the trunk in relation to upper
and lower extremities.
Placement Ladder - Re-educate walking, simultaneously improving balance,
weight transference and enable lifting and bending at knee joints.
Mobility Aids - Such as walking machine, gait trainer, walking frame,
rollator, elbow crutches, tripod and other 'assistive' devices to assist
the disabled to function better.
Approximate cost of equipment and materials RM250, 000.