Speech therapy is the process of diagnose and offering of corrective
services to the communicatively disabled children and adults. An inability
to communicate effectively reduces the level of independence and can
be very frustrating for children and adults.
Speech therapist works with children with language articulation (using
a clear expressive language) difficulties, in the physically and mentally
handicapped, those who have been involved in accidents affecting their
speech, the elderly stroke patient who has lost the ability to speak,
voice problems and other speech problems.
therapy programme also requires parents' participation to understand
the child's response accordingly and learn to develop communicative
skills together with the child to enable them to daily and routinely
train the child at home. A pre-requisite to speech therapy is to counsel
the parents the present condition and expected progress of their child
especially to those who cannot accept that their child has a disability
and secondly have high expectations for their child.
It is only when the child is put into a situation of adequate attention
and required stimulation in an adaptable and appropriate environment,
the opportunity for integration, learning and acquiring the skills in
enhanced. Speech therapy is to correct disordered speech patterns or
to elicit verbal or non-verbal modes of communication with simultaneous
development of cognitive and comprehensive skulls as they play the baseline
of building blocks for communication.
identification and intervention.
of child's ability to participate in therapy programmes.
ENT/ plastic surgeons for effective rehabilitation programmes.
with play activities especially in children and includes blowing activities,
puppet games, lip games, tongue games, matching puzzles, labeling, face
promoting talking and communication skills.
and improving communication skills by teaching and developing speech,
non-speech, sign languages or using symbols when necessary.